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**Fourth Anniversary Article** My Top Six Slaughter-tastic Underrated Slashers!

Posted in Anniversary Pieces with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on May 17, 2015 by Hayley's Horror Reviews

Slasher films; low-budget, gory-fuelled romps; masked killers lurking in the shadows ready to slash n’ hack their sexually charged teen victims who never ever learn their lesson!

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Despite being considered bottom of the barrel when it comes to our great genre especially after the 80’s mass saturation of endless sequels leading to never-ending franchises, there’s something that always brings us back to the slasher film. There’s the entertainment factor, the creative gore effects and on a deeper scale the social messages underneath the surface of all the blood, guts and sex! Let’s not forget that some of today’s most famous actors began their careers getting bloodied up by a super-human lethal killer, there’s that Depp bloke you may have heard of who’s done a few films here and there and that Kevin Bacon guy who is busy selling ‘the UK’s fastest mobile network’ these days; to name a few!

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Most will argue that the slasher reached its peak during the early 80’s; notably as Jason rose from the murky depths of Camp Crystal Lake for the third time. The slasher was  semi- revived in popularity again later in the decade with Child’s Play then most prolifically in the mid-90’s with post-modern hit Scream which has since paved the way for the train of remakes, spoof films and more a brutal type of horror in the shape of Saw, Hostel and The Collection from the mid 00’s to the present day.

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If it wasn’t for slashers I probably wouldn’t be the horror freak (I mean, fanatic!) I am today. It was discovering the Scream/Elm Street/Friday franchises at a young age that aided my growing interest in the genre. There was nothing better than coming home from school and watching the latest taped VHS of whatever slasher had been on TV the previous night instead of doing any of that boring homework stuff! For me, slashers represent nostalgia, escapism and fandom. To this day slashers still maintain a level of popularity, they prove increasingly marketable and continue to be revived. Thanks to films such as The Town that Dreaded Sundown (2014), Stage Fright (2014) and the Hatchet series (2006-2013) the sub-genre is alive and well and is slowly being taken in new, fresh directions! Slashers are pretty easy films to watch however there’s plenty lurking underneath the surface to interpret; there’s running themes of murder and revenge, a level of mystery and they are played out as cautionary tales for teenage viewers. There are always consequences for bad decisions. Slashers reflect a universal fear in society that are applicable to their cultural and historical contexts e.g casual sex in 80’s slashers used as a metaphor for the AIDS scare.

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Its been four years since I began reviewing so what better way to celebrate that take a look back at my personal favorite entries from the sub-genre that made me horror obsessed. This list will not contain the typical choices of Halloween, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, A Nightmare on Elm Street etc. we all know they are critically-acclaimed and completely awesome and rightfully so! However, this list will contain films that are appreciated by a genre audience and have generated a cult following over the years but are not as well regarded among the mainstream. Some films included also may have been popular on their original release but have since gone under the radar. So here it is, Hayley’s Horror Reviews most beloved slasher films.

**WARNING: Will contain Spoilers!**

6. Prom Night (1980)

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Prom Night is what happens when you capitalize on the popularity and cast the star of hit slasher Halloween in order to create low-budget Canadian horror flick. Filmed over 24 days during 1979, director Paul Lynch struggled to achieve finance for his movie about a massacre circulating around a high school dance; that was until Jamie Lee Curtis who was making a recognizable name for herself as the final girl of horror at the time came on board as Prom Queen Kim Hammond. Paramount expressed an interest in distributing the film however would only give it a limited theatrical release whereas Avco Embassy offered a much wider release in which Lynch decided to go with. Also starring Leslie Nielsen, Prom Night was popular around the drive-in theater circuit and was somewhat financially successful upon its release in 1980, making it Canada’s highest grossing horror movie of the year.  Its a classic tale of revenge, a prominent theme of the Slasher. Six years before the main events take place a young girl is taunted and accidentally killed by a group of mean-spirited kids and the blame is placed on a local pervert who is arrested for the crime, flash forward to the ‘present day’ of the movie and someone has bloodthirsty revenge on their mind; but the question is who saw the “accident” and knows what they did?

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Halloween’s Producer Irwin Yablans advised Lynch to center the film around a seasonal setting, building on the success of the  John Carpenter classic. Lynch opted for the prom scenario and tied the his premise around a story written by Robert Guza Jr. that told the tale of a tragic accident that had come back to haunt the children who were involved several years later. Prom Night has the classic makings of a traditional slasher but it has its own unique tone. What’s most striking is it builds up the characters and plot slowly, introducing us to the self-righteous teenagers who are about to get more than they bargained for. Essentially, its what happens when you cross Carrie with Saturday Night Fever, which is an apt description as there’s plenty of disco galore and polished choreographed dance sequences that sort of stall the carnage but creates a kind of spectacle. If you enjoy blood and dancing, like myself, Prom Night is one for you! While not as popular as its contemporaries, genre fans will take something from it as one of the more underrated slashers of the early 80’s that knew how to exploit the slasher movie marketing machine!

5. Scary Movie (2000)

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Scream set the rules, then generated dozens of copycats. Some really held up prominently I Know What You Did Last Summer and Urban Legend while too many to name fell flat. The concept had been taken so far and in the four years since its release, the slasher was dying out once again. Something needed to come along and shake things up and thanks to the comedic talents of the Wayans brothers, that something certainly did! While not the first slasher spoof, Student Bodies (1981) takes that crown, Scary Movie is hip, crude and satirical of the contemporary horror of that period. You will never be able to watch Scream, Last Summer, The Matrix and The Blair Witch Project in the same way again!

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Scary Movie cleverly weaves the fantastical story mainly poking fun at Scream and Last Summer, while being non-stop hilarious throughout. There are some genuinely amusing critiques, the characters ponder about who would be cast to play them if they were in a slasher movie; they comment that actors in their late 20’s-early 30’s would be the most likely candidates, creating an awkward exchange with that being the cast’s actual ages! Shannon Elizabeth’s aptly named Buffy Gilmore possibly has the best death scene, she fails to take the killer seriously, critiquing how a typical death scene in a slasher will go as she’s hacked to pieces until she’s a talking severed head!  Regina Hall equally steals the show in a too funny for words parody of Jada Pinkett-Smith’s Scream 2 murder scene and Marlon Wayans is completely memorable as loveable stoner Shawty. While its a product of its time by today’s standards, who still remembers the “Wassup” Budwiser advert that gets the parody treatment?! For fans you’ll be surprised how hilarious it really is even fifteen years later. A batshit blend of laughs and gore, Scary Movie poked fun but manages to be an entertaining and outrageous comedy that literally slashes the fourth wall!

4. Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter

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Well what a misleading title! In all fairness, in the documentary Camp Crystal Lake Memories its stated that the intention was to lay the tormented Jason to rest once and for all after this instalment! But if something is profitable then why stop?! The Final Chapter picks up where Part III left off. Jason (played by stuntman Ted White this time around) is presumed dead is rushed to the morgue only for him to rise off the cold slab and brutally slay an unsuspecting nurse and frisky doctor! Immediately The Final Chapter ups the gore spectacularly with each kill proving more blood thirsty than ever before. Some kills come off as repetitive e.g. horror’s fixation with shower murders that inevitably aren’t as shocking as Psycho (1960) was but these are certainly some of Jason’s goriest moments. Its thanks to the return of FX master Tom Savini who effectively returned to finally kill off his own creation. Typically, The Final Chapter does feature a group of self-absorbed, horny teenagers with one thing on their minds but it also shifts the focus to a family staying at the camp. Divorced mother Mrs Jarvis (Joan Freeman), her teenage daughter Trish (Kimberly Beck) and young son Tommy (Corey Feldman) bring in a new dynamic, representative of the changes in familial roles in America that were emerging at the time, notably the father is absent in the film. A metaphorical external fear is present with Jason lurking in the backdrop of the family’s separation and it paves the way for Friday’s original theme of the protective mother figure to be incorporated.

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Corey Feldman is brilliant as the young Tommy Jarvis, establishing his status as one of the franchises most popular characters. He is the first pre-teen to be featured in the Friday series and his character single-handedly breaks the traditional final girl convention by being the one to ultimately defeat Jason and protect his older sister. His performance is genuine and brings in authenticity, he was actually frightened during the scene where Jason grabs him through the window. The Final Chapter is iconic in its own right, it continued Jason’s hockey mask legacy that began in Part III, it also confirmed Mrs Voorhees’s (Betsy Palmer) first name as Pamela, as seen on her graveside as the teenagers drive to Camp Crystal Lake. Finally, Crispin Glover starred as the awkward Jimmy Mortimer pre-Back to the Future fame. The Final Chapter is my favourite instalment for the grizzly gore effects, the shift in dynamics, the return to the Jason POV shots instead of the stepping into the frame style they used in Part III, it bravely having a young boy take on Jason and its ambiguous ending.

 3.The Burning (1981)

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Tom Savini turned down Friday the 13th: Part 2 to bring his splatterific, gory visuals to life in 80’s camping slasher The Burning. Taking inspiration from Peeping Tom and the slew of similar films that were consistently being churned out during the decade (its been debatable that it was in production the same time as Friday 1), The Burning was certainly ahead of its time featuring a killer audiences were able to empathize with. Bizarrely, it found itself banned in the UK under 1984’s video recordings act due to the graphically violent and now infamous raft scene. It challenged typical conventions in regards to pre-marital sex, it was much more self-aware than the films that came before it and also featured a final boy instead of the final girl slasher staple. I wrote extensively about The Burning during one of my Halloween Month specials which can be read here. I also discuss The Burning in the context of the Video Nasties panic in this video:

2. Tourist Trap (1979)

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Stephen King took the words right out of my mouth; in his book Danse Macabre he describes Tourist Trap as an “obscure classic”. J A Kerswell, who wrote my favourite guide to the slasher ever, Teenage Wasteland referred to it as “an interesting sub-genre film”. Both are incredibly valid statements. Unlike Halloween released a year previous, Tourist Trap doesn’t have the mainstream appeal but there’s something so freakish about it you won’t be able to take your eyes off the screen. Possibly used as the primary inspiration for 2005’s non-remake of House of Wax, Tourist Trap sees five teenagers become the victims of a deranged psychopath with telekinetic powers who lures them to his run-down Wax museum located  in the middle of nowhere.

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Aside from the undeniably creepy visuals that see wax figures come to life entering into uncanny valley territory, what’s incredible about Tourist Trap is its use of sound. Italian composer Pino Donaggio creates an otherworldly sense using breathy female vocals for the mannequins that proves effective. The sound effects are the film’s most outstanding factor, a bizarre atmosphere is created placing a sense of unease for the audience throughout, without its strangeness diegetic sound the film certainly wouldn’t have managed the same impact. Tourist Trap has a considerably small core cast creating an isolated and compact feeling. Chuck Connors is unforgettable as the ambiguous Mr Slausen, who is definitely a fascinating slasher villain. We discover his back-story is again cemented in the slasher’s favourite trope of revenge however he is phenomenally creepy in his methods of murder. One victim Tina (Dawn Jeffory-Nelson) meets a painful end by having her face slowly covered with wax, her skin is burned and she is suffocated. The whole film’s tone, including the death scenes has something so mean-spirited about it! Many genre fans will say Tourist Trap needs to be seen to be believed. Its a truly fantastic, bizarre and mesmerizing slasher film that wholly deserves its cult status.

1. Sleepaway Camp (1983)

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Happy Campers gather round as we take a look at the best underrated slasher film of the 1980’s (In my humble opinion, of course!). Instead of a masked maniac slicing and dicing his victims, Sleepaway Camp offers a whole new kind of killer, the mysteriously sweet, thirteen year old and trans-gender Angela (Felissa Rose). A tragic accident occurs in the opening sequence that sees a young child killed, years later cousins Ricky (Jonathan Tiersten) and Angela are sent to Camp Arawak for the summer by Angela’s eccentric Aunt (one of my stand out performances in any film of this kind!). At the camp, a bloody rampage begins, which sees a bunch of young teens with enraging hormones and the corrupt staff slaughtered! Sleepaway Camp weaves in some taboo themes which were becoming prominent within society during the 80’s. Both gender and sexuality are explored along with bullying and familial issues. Strong hints are evident throughout the film in regards to Angela’s anxieties and motive with the symbolism of phallic objects used as murder weapons, hair straighteners anyone?! Sleepaway Camp heavily uses POV shots, conveying that the killer could literally be anyone, cleverly masking Angela’s reveal until the shocking end!

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The film is mainly overlooked due to its low-budget feel and hammy acting (more so from the adults!) but this film and its subsequent sequels have an endearing quality to them, even Return to Sleepaway Camp (2008) which is pretty laughable, in a good way! The sequels starring Pamela Springstein as Angela are also amazingly fun to watch, especially Sleepaway Camp II: Unhappy Campers (1988).  It pushes the boundaries in regards to actually featuring characters playing their ages, a risky move for the sub-genre at the time having a cast so young in a film of this kind. Sleepaway Camp is pretty much an enjoyable entry in the sub-genre. The killer’s identity is unexpected and fantastically twisted. Angela endures cruelty at the hands of the more ‘well-developed’ campers especially Judy (Karen Fields) who utters the quotable line, “She’s a real carpenter’s dream: flat as a board and needs a screw!” adding to the tension and building on Angela’s insecurities, therefore its no surprise that she snaps! Sleepaway Camp is distinctive in its own right. Its memorable enough to be beloved by its fans and is extraordinarily warped.

Hope you’ve enjoyed my trip down slasher movie memory lane. Here’s a big thank you to everyone who follows and supports my site as well as the other side projects I’m involved in. You’re why I keep on writing about the movies I adore. Here’s to another four years of blood, guts and gore!

Hayley Alice Roberts.

Hayley’s Horror Reviews.

**Second Anniversary Review** Part Two: Movie Mayhem: The Shocks Behind The Scenes

Posted in Anniversary Pieces with tags , , , , , , , , on May 18, 2013 by Hayley's Horror Reviews

The second part of this special review surrounds the urban legends of film production and will look at some of the most well-known and eerie stories behind Hollywood films. Some legends have clearly been fabricated as a marketing ploy and have made the films more famous for it over the actual content. Supernatural played on this trope in the second season episode Hollywood Babylon which sees the Winchester Brothers go undercover on a film set where the cast begin mysteriously dying. Of course Urban Legends: Final Cut used a university film course as its setting and had cast and crew members being murdered on set. But what about the true life legends that have been circulating for many years, particularly since the launch of the internet, which will be further explored later in the review. I am going to illustrate through using particular films as case studies how real life rumors can expand into urban legends to create a sense of hysteria.

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The Wizard of Oz (1939)

The production of the 1939 classic has generated many rumors however the most eerie remains with the alleged Munchkin Suicide. Snopes.com verifies that this rumor is false and that it may have began in 1989 when the film was celebrating its 50th anniversary and had been released on VHS. With home video being revolutionary at the time, viewers allowed their imaginations to run wild as they were able to pause and rewind between frames. The legend suggests that following the scene where Dorothy and Scarecrow encounter the Tin Man, the three characters make their way down the yellow brick road on the way towards the Emerald City. If you look closely in the background, there is an ambiguous figure hanging from a tree. Its been suggested that the Munchkin took his own life due to his unrequited love for his co-star who was also playing a Munchkin. There are obvious flaws in this story as during this scene no actors playing Munchkin’s would have been needed on set as the scene was not associated with Munchkin Land and shot before it. It has been put down to a stagehand accidentally getting into the frame while the camera’s were rolling. But of course, The Wizard of Oz is a classic family film, therefore if an actual suicide had taken place on set then it would have been re-shot and definitely edited in post-production. Images of this scene remain ambiguous as the alleged figure is position so far in the background, its difficult to fully make out. The Wizard of Oz as a snuff film…I don’t think so!

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Poltergeist (1982)

Unfortunately the rumors surrounding the Poltergeist Deaths can be confirmed as true. Whether the trilogy of films are in fact ‘cursed’ opens up another discussion entirely. Rumors suggest that the films had actually released malevolent spirits and caused the deaths of young cast members. This one all depends on whether you maintain personal beliefs of the supernatural, however some people do fail to separate fact from fiction and try to make sense of the tragic occurrences. Heather O’Rourke who played little Carol Ann in all three films, died of a mystery illness in 1988 and Dominique Dunne who played her older sister was tragically murdered by her boyfriend prior to the first film’s release. Dunne was choked to death after ending an abusive relationship at the age of twenty-two. Her violent ex John Sweeney was released after serving three years in jail causing controversy. Little Heather allegedly died of ‘septic shock’, the saddest part of her death is that she appeared to be a healthy twelve year old, no one saw it coming. She died prior to the release of Poltergeist III, so its not surprising that people made connections between O’Rourke and Dunne’s deaths as they only occurred six years apart and were connected to the same film franchise. The rumors have gone too far as an extreme variation suggests that every single person involved in the films has been killed which is clearly false as many cast members are alive and well. Two other actors Julian Beck and Will Sampson who were in their fifties and sixties passed away from illnesses after appearing in the films, ultimately it all seems down to pure, tragic coincidence. Similar rumors have also been speculated regarding The Exorcist (1973) and The Omen (1976) relating to the ideas of the devil portrayed on screen, illustrating people’s fears about the break down of the church and religion as well as changing times. Let’s face it, its always easy to use films as a scapegoat when a tragedy occurs!

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Three Men and a Baby (1987)

Three Men and a Baby is a light-hearted comedy about three bachelors who end up saddled with a child, after the mother abandons her on their doorstep, hilarity ensues! Sounds like a fun, family flick, however a dark rumor spread around the internet three years after its initial release regarding the ‘apartment set’ the film was shot in! Allegedly during the scene where Ted Danson’s character is speaking to his mother and walking through the apartment, the figure of a Ghost Boy can be seen next to the window! Rumors suggest that the ghostly image is that of a nine-year-old boy who committed suicide in the building with a shot-gun. Interestingly, this rumor emerged in 1990, a year after the Munchkin hanging fabrication came forth in The Wizard of Oz and as Three Men… was released on home video. There appears to be a pattern as the two stories bare similarities of chilling images relating to suicide that “accidentally” appeared on screen and they were both noticed on the VHS versions of the films.

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It was believed that the studios may have had something to do with it, using the rumor as a marketing ploy, especially as the film’s sequel Three Men and a Little Lady was due a theatrical release. Very much like my comment on Poltergeist, it all depends on personal belief. It has been said that the boy’s parents moved out following his death and a film company took it over. Extreme theories even included the boys mother seeing his spirit on the film and going mentally insane. However, I personally want to dispel the ghost theory as in a later scene, we see a cardboard cut out of Ted Danson, which is used as a prop for his character’s television commercial. Funnily enough the prop is dressed in black and white, just like the ‘ghost’ and is seen close up in a later scene. Its amazing that the rumor is actually bigger than the film itself, try searching ‘three men and a baby’ into google images and the top search result features the word ‘ghost’ next to it. Another rumor suggested that in another scene where the men are singing ‘goodnight sweetheart’ to the baby Mary, a demon can be seen in the window but that’s just going over the top. If the studios were involved, I credit them as its such a clever ploy to get people talking about a film and more so at the time!

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The Blair Witch Project (1999) and the rise of the online legends.

This film used the internet to its advantage back in 1999 in order to create hysteria to promote its release. Back in the day, Blair Witch sounded like one of the scariest films imaginable and this was because people were unsure whether to believe if it was true or not. The subject of the film focused on three amateur filmmakers who were creating a documentary about the Blair Witch urban legend in 1994 in the village of Burkitsville, originally Blair. The students went missing but their footage was found years later. The legend goes, a woman accused of witchcraft was killed around 1785, following this, children from the village kept disappearing. It is said that the witch went on to murder the college students. Another variation, suggested by a man the students interview within the film is the Blair Witch was a child murderer who lived in the woods during the 1940’s, he would take two children into his basement, making one face the corner while murdering the other. The latter version proves more chilling! A first for its time, the Blair Witch filmmakers got three unknown actors, directed them to the woods with equipment and had them shoot footage, they were given notes to do so. The fact it wasn’t filmed traditionally, demonstrates how they wanted to achieve authentic reactions and suggest to the audience that the events going on were real. The internet was not as advanced as it is now therefore they were able to get away with it! Unfortunately nowadays so many filmmakers have taken this approach with horror, leading to ‘the found footage sub-genre’ therefore what the Blair Witch did has now lost its credibility.

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Since then the internet has been used to create urban legends which have gone viral, modernizing folklore as a whole. A prime example is chain mail, e.g. ‘if you don’t pass this on you will die!’ often in relation to a little ghost girl who has been murdered or involved in an accident. One of the more recent urban legends Slender Man has generated its own mythology and is a major part of internet culture, and now has a game and independent film made about it. With a similar premise, Slender Man abducts children and disappears with them. It appears that with easy access to urban legends and the creation of them on the internet, we have become desensitized in terms of our belief systems. Do they still hold impact like the Blair Witch once did? Or has the enigma been disbanded since sites like Snopes and articles like this one have dispelled rumors in comparison to the time when the internet was limited back in the 80’s and 90’s, and rewinding and pausing your home video was the only method of generating speculation?  Either way films and urban legends are very closely linked making separating cinema and reality difficult. As discussed films are made about urban legends and urban legends are created about films which creates complications regarding any notion of authenticity. Overall I still find urban legends a chilling and interesting subject and their online exposure only means more information has become available,  leading them to be analyzed in more depth.

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Thank you for reading and thank you for all your support over the past two years. I hope I can continue to provide you with new and interesting reviews and articles.

**COMING SOON: ASCENSION: BEHIND THE SCREAMS**

Hayley Alice Roberts

https://www.facebook.com/HayleysMovieAndTvReviews